A typology of different perspectives on the spatial economic impacts of marine spatial planning.

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Abstract: 

Marine spatial planning aims to create a framework for the oceans and seas that minimise conflicts between economic activities within the marine environment while maintaining good environmental status. Although reports by international – and national – organisations suggest there are economic benefits to marine spatial planning this analysis has, to date, been aspatial. Employing an explorative Q methodology approach with ten participants, this paper seeks to address this spatial and distributive gap by exploring stakeholders (marine renewable energy, fishing industry, aquaculture and marine tourism) perceptions of the economic impacts of marine spatial planning across varying (local to national) geographical scales in the U.K. The paper develops a typology of three different perspectives on the economic impacts of marine spatial planning: the optimistic ‘place-makers’; the sceptical ‘place-holders’; and the utilitarian ‘place-less’. Findings highlight that participants loading onto a specific ‘type’ cannot simply be explained by stakeholder categorisation. This research contributes to the coastal management literature by identifying differing perceptions on the ‘spatial economic impact’ of marine spatial planning by economic actors utilising marine and coastal areas in the U.K.

Sea Basin(s): 
Country: 
Year: 
September 2019
Application in MSP: 
Unknown effect
Sectors: 
Not sector specific
Type of Issue: 
Economic aspects
Stakeholders
Type of practice: 
Methodology
Study
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Analyse spatial aspects
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
No
Coherence with other processes: 
Renewable Energy Directive

Questions this practice may help answer: 

  • What is the stakeholders perception of the economic impacts in MSP?  
  • How the spatialization of economic impacts can support the MSP processes?  

Implementation Context: 

The study was conducted by researchers from the European Center for Environment and Human Health, the UK.  

Aspects / Objectives: 

The study aims to address the spatial and distributive gaps by exploring stakeholders perceptions (namely, marine renewable energy, fishing industry, aquaculture and marine tourism) of the economic impacts of marine spatial planning across varying geographic scales (from the local to national) in the UK.

Method: 

The study applies an explorative Q methodology approach with ten participants, and develops a typology of three different perspectives on the economic impacts of marine spatial planning: the optimistic ‘place-makers’, the sceptical ‘place-holders’, and the utilitarian ‘place-less’.

Main Outputs / Results: 

The study provides information on economic impacts of implementation of the MSP and highlights stakeholders point of view on these impacts. 

Transferability:

The methodology can be applied in any MSP process.

Responsible Entity: 

European Centre for Environment and Human Health 

University of Exeter Medical School 

Funding Source: 

European Centre for Environment and Human Health 

University of Exeter Medical School 

Contact person: 

Madeleine Gustavsson  

m.c.gustavsson@exeter.ac.uk 

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