This article elaborates a conceptual framework to examine social sustainability in marine spatial planning (MSP). Based on a critical literature review of key texts on social sustainability in MSP and the broader sustainable development literature we show the need to elaborate a cogent and comprehensive approach for the analysis and pursuit of social sustainability linked to the sea. We then theorize social sustainability by developing a conceptual framework through integrating three dimensions: Recognition, Representation and Distribution. While these three social sustainability/justice features clearly overlap and are interdependent in practice, the conceptual thinking underpinning each of them is distinctive and when taken together they contribute towards conceiving social sustainability as a pillar of sustainability. Our approach can support an analysis/evaluation of MSP in that, first, its broad scope and adaptability makes it suitable to examine the wide range of claims, demands, and concerns that are likely to be encountered across different practical MSP settings. Second, it acknowledges the opportunities and challenges of assessing, implementing, and achieving social justice within a broader sustainability framework.
QUESTIONS THIS PRACTICE MAY HELP ANSWER:
- What are the interactions between social and environmental sustainability?
- How can social sustainability concept be applied in the MSP process?
The research is a collaborative effort between the academic and research institutions of Germany, Latvia, Sweden and Poland.
ASPECTS / OBJECTIVES:
The purpose of the article is to contribute a theoretical approach to social sustainability in MSP, as well as to help researchers and practitioners to investigate, examine, understand, analyse, and evaluate social sustainability as a social policy in different MSP settings.
The study is based on a critical literature review of key texts on social sustainability in MSP and the broader sustainable development literature. The authors develop a conceptual framework by integrating three dimensions: recognition (of social-cultural diversity), representation (in decision-making), and distribution (of pros and cons).
MAIN OUTPUTS / RESULTS:
The methodology demonstrates how social justice/social sustainability should be integrated into the MSP process. It highlights the importance of incorporating the social justice in MSP, as it concerns the trust, legitimacy and accountability of public action.
The methodology can be applied in any MSP process.
Södertörn University, Sweden
Technology and Environmental Studies, School of Natural Sciences
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies.
Technology and Environmental Studies, School of Natural Sciences, Södertörn University (Sweden)