A Southern California Surfer's Perspective On Marine Spatial Planning.


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Increasing intensity in the use of ocean spaces and coastal development presents a threat to recreational uses of the ocean, such as surfing, diving, and snorkeling. Ocean recreational use brings an immense economic benefit to coastal communities. Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning provides a way to protect ocean recreational uses that cannot be replicated elsewhere. There are current legal authorities that permit state and federal agencies to conduct Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning. However, there are improvements that could be made. This Article makes several recommendations of ways to implement Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning to protect ocean recreational resources from destruction and degradation from competing ocean uses and coastal development.

Application in MSP: 
Unknown effect
Type of Issue: 
Coexistence of uses
Economic aspects
Environment aspects
Social aspects
Type of practice: 
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Vision and aims
Analyse spatial aspects
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
Coherence with other processes: 
Integrated Coastal Zone Management


Questions this practice may help answer: 

How can coastal and marine planning improve resources protection? 

Implementation Context: 

The study is conducted by the researcher from the Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law.  

Aspects / Objectives: 

The paper analyses the coastal development and ocean use in Southern California, as well as its impacts on the marine environment and recreational activities.  


The study focuses on California's coastal regulations and various types of ocean space allocation. It discusses the processes of coastal and marine planning, and its implications for recreational activities. The study includes examples of coastal and marine planning in different countries, including USA.  

Main Outputs / Results: 

The article highlights the threats to recreational resources in California and provides proposals for enforcing regulatory schemes. It also gives recommendations to improve coastal and marine planning for better preservation of recreational resources.  


Coastal areas of any region are likely to be affected by the issues discussed in this publication. 

Responsible Entity: 

Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law. 

Costs / Funding Source: 

Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law. 

Contact person: 

Edwin C. Kisiel, Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law.