From scientific knowledge to the sustainable management of the Veneto maritime space

Abstract: 

Shape pilot project implemented by Veneto Region aimed to identify recommendations for the best use of available scientific knowledge to support the sustainable management of marine resources and the maritime space. The project considered and analysed two main typologies of data: (i) spatial data needed to elaborate thematic maps; (ii) meteo-oceanographic data. Thematic mapping considered a wide set of maritime and coastal elements identified as relevant for MSP implementation; in particular maps were grouped in four categories: physical and administrative limits, uses of the maritime space, marine areas with high natural value, coastal elements that are relevant in dealing with MSP. Finally, a map showing main maritime uses jointly was elaborated to identify possible interferences and areas with high concentration of activities.

Country: 
Year: 
October 2013
Application in MSP: 
Unknown effect
Sectors: 
Aquaculture
Fishery
Nature protection
Oil and gas exploitation
Ports
Shipping
Tourism
Type of Issue: 
Coexistence of uses
Data
Type of practice: 
Study
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Analyse spatial aspects
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
No

Questions this practice may help answer

  • How spatial data can be used to underpin the MSP process at the regional scale?
  • How other data (in particular meteo-oceanographic data) can be used for maritime spatial planning?
  • What recommendations can be provided to improve the use of available scientific knowledge in supporting the sustainable management of marine resources and the maritime space?

Implementation Context

The pilot project was developed within the project SHAPE “Shaping an Holistic Approach to Protect the Adriatic Environment between coast and sea” (http://www.shape-ipaproject.eu/), co-funded by the IPA Adriatic CBC Programme 2007-2013. SHAPE aimed at developing a multilevel and cross-sector governance system for MSP and ICZM in the Adriatic Sea, based on a holistic approach and integrated management of the natural resources, risk prevention and resolution of conflicts among uses and users of the Adriatic coast and sea. Shape started in May 2011 and was concluded at the beginning of 2014. The project in total involved 13 partners representing all Italian coastal regions and eastern Adriatic countries; PAR/RAC of UNEP/MAP also participated to the project.

Shape developed nine pilot projects approaching MSP issues at the local or regional scale. Some projects directly dealt with the holistic and integrated nature of MSP while other focused on specific issues, as: data gathering and monitoring supporting MSP, bridging the gap between science and decision making, analysis of socio-economic aspects, links between MSP and MSFD or ICZM.

Aspects / Objectives

The Veneto Region pilot project aimed to identify recommendations for the best use of available scientific knowledge to support the sustainable management of marine resources and the maritime space. The project considered and analysed two main typologies of data that are required in dealing with maritime spatial planning:

  • Spatial data needed to elaborate thematic maps.
  • Meteo-oceanographic data, in particular those measured by the Veneto Region buoy network.

Method

The pilot project implemented four main activities:

  • Stakeholder involvement; organised through two local workshops that provided contributions (as in particular information on data sources) to the following activities.
  • Mapping of maritime uses and other characteristics of the marine space. Thematic maps were grouped in four categories: (i) physical and administrative limits, (ii) uses of the maritime space, (iii) marine areas with high natural value, (iv) coastal elements that can be relevant in dealing with MSP (e.g. coastal wetlands, dune systems, energy infrastructures in coastal areas, coastal defence structures, etc.).
  • Elaboration of meteo-ceanographic data acquired by the Veneto Region buoy network. These data were firstly re-organised and homogenised and were then used to: (i) generate historical data series of meteo-oceanographic parameters as wide and complete as possible; (ii) analyse the evolution of meteo-oceanographic parameters during particular meteo-marine events (e.g. strong winds, prolonged cold period, strong river input, etc.).
  • Identification of recommendations, based on outcome of previous activities, for the best use of available scientific knowledge to support the sustainable management of marine resources and the maritime space.

Main Outputs / Results

More than 40 thematic maps were produced for the Veneto Region’s maritime area. Most of the spatial data used to derive these maps were also transferred to the “Adriatic Atlas to support ICZM and MSP” developed within Shape. Moreover, an overall map showing main maritime uses jointly was elaborated to identify possible interferences and areas with high concentration of activities. To this regard three main marine areas were identified: (i) the area facing Venice lagoon where a high concentration of human activities at the sea occurs and (ii-iii) the Rovigo province and north-eastern Venice province areas that are characterised by a lower density of human activities. High concentration in front of Venice lagoon does not necessarily imply interferences and conflicts among uses. Actually, some of the current uses appear to occur on different components of the 3D marine system, as for example in the case of maritime transport (surface) and preservation of rocky outcrops (bottom). In other cases interferences may be avoided or limited by temporal differentiation of activities or by already set regulation of activities, as in the case of prohibition of any forms of fishery on Areas of Biological Protection.

 

The wide set of meteo-oceanographic data measured by the Veneto Region buoy network can provide support to MSP in various ways. Actually, data can be used to analysis and illustrate the seasonal (on intra-annual) and interannual behaviour of the water column in the Northern Adriatic sea, while historical series can be used to detect variation of meteo-oceanographic parameters (in particular of wind intensity and direction, air and water temperature, salinity and current intensity and direction) on a longer time scale. Moreover, data on particular extreme meteo-oceanographic events are essential to understand the effects of those events on marine and coastal systems, and to plan and manage needed responses.

 

Based on the results of the previous activities (thematic mapping, analysis of meteo-oceanographic data, outcome of the stakeholder workshops), a set of recommendations on the role of scientific knowledge and monitoring in supporting MSP were finally provided. As an overarching recommendation, it is stressed the importance to elaborate data in structured and summarised information really useful for marine and coastal planning and management. Starting from above considerations, a set of specific recommendations for the best use of scientific knowledge in MSP, including its integration with ICZM, were identified and grouped in: (A) general recommendations (i.e. useful for both typologies of information), (B) recommendations on thematic mapping, (C) recommendations on meteo-oceanographic data.

 

Transferability

The Shape pilot project implemented by Veneto Region elaborated spatial and meteo-oceanographic data providing information potentially useful to support a real MSP process in the area. The final outcome of the pilot project (recommendations) wish to improve connections among strong scientific knowledge base and policy/decision making related to the marine and coastal systems.

 

Contact Person

Emiliano Ramieri

Thetis

Castello 2737/F, Venezia, Italy

Ph.: +39 041 2406307

E-mail: Emiliano.ramieri@thetis.it

 

Roberto Bertaggia

Veneto Region, Sezione Progetto Venezia

Ph.: +39 041 2795080

E-mail: Roberto.Bertaggia@regione.veneto.it

 

Responsible Entity

Veneto Region and Thetis spa

 

Costs / Funding Source

Funding Source: the pilot project was developed within the SHAPE project, co-funded by the EU through the IPA Adriatic CBC Programme 2007-2013.

Costs: the pilot project is one of the activity of the SHAPE project. Its specific cost cannot be defined as it is part of the overall funds to this project.

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