Preconditions of new container terminal location in the Maritime Spatial Planning framework. A case study for the Central Port Concept in Gdańsk

Marine Policy, Volume 130

Abstract: 

Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) has gained momentum recently. Almost all EU coastal states prepare various types of maritime spatial plans. These will create important preconditions for port functioning and development and improve ports’ competitive position. There is no uniform attempt to prepare MSP for the sea waters of ports. Experience in that area is limited. These challenges are discussed in the paper. The Polish approach to MSP is analysed and evaluated from the perspective of port and sea transport competitiveness. Container ports and their terminals must be accessible and able to perform fast, reliable and just in time operations to remain competitive and to handle the expected growth. Sufficient space is necessary for that. Expanding ports should, however, keep their environmental footprint under control. These issues are crucial for the Port of Gdańsk, where the huge investment project ”Central Port” was launched in 2018. One of the most important elements in this project is the construction of a new deep-water container terminal and new seaward ro-ro terminal. The article explores the threats and opportunities for the processes of port and terminals relocation/migration under new MSP conditions, based on a case study of the Port of Gdańsk. Key conflicts of seaward port development were identified with the protection of cultural heritage, national defence coastal defence, well-being of marine fauna and lying technical infrastructure. They informed multi-level and multi-sector stakeholder dialogue within the Polish MSP resulting in proposal of some mitigation measures. These measures were analysed in this paper and on this basis key problems in orchestrating MSP and port development were highlighted. They are related to timing of both processes (MSP and port development), ways of deciding on necessary trade-offs and different value systems behind MSP and profit driven port investments.

Sea Basin(s): 
Country: 
Year: 
August 2021
Application in MSP: 
Unknown effect
Sectors: 
Ports
Type of Issue: 
Economic aspects
Environment aspects
Type of practice: 
Study
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Analyse spatial aspects
Develop and implement plan
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
No

Questions this practice may help answer:

  • What are the threats and opportunities for the processes of port and terminal relocation/migration under new MSP conditions?

Implementation Context:

This study has been developed because there is no uniform attempt to prepare Maritime Spatial Planning for sea waters of ports.

Aspects / Objectives:

The article explores the threats and opportunities for the processes of port and terminal relocation/migration under new MSP conditions, based on a case study of the Port of Gdańsk.

Method:

The authors decided to use the case study method as the main approach to present the current situation in Polish port development.

Main Outputs / Results:

"Key conflicts of seaward port development were identified with the protection of cultural heritage, national defence coastal defence, well-being of marine fauna and lying technical infrastructure. They informed multi-level and multi-sector stakeholder dialogue within the Polish MSP resulting in proposal of some mitigation measures. These measures were analysed in this paper and on this basis key problems in orchestrating MSP and port development were highlighted."

Transferability:

This practice focuses on the Port of Gdańsk but the methodology used may be transferable to other MSP processes.

Responsible Entity:

Polish National Science Centre

Costs / Funding Source:

Analyses related to MSP presented in this paper have been financed by the Polish National Science Centre under the project "Spatio-economic multiplier in maritime economy" UMO- 2018/31/B/HS4/03890.

Contact person:

Ernest Czermański

e.czermanski@ug.edu.pl

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