Lessons, stories and ideas on how to integrate land-sea interactions into MSP.


Please note:

The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.



The report is produced as part of the Pan Baltic Scope project. It targets the spatial planners at the land-sea interface at municipal, regional and national levels. The main goal of the report is to share stories, ideas and lessons learned at different stages of MSP in regard to the land-sea interactions. 

Sea Basin(s): 
Application in MSP: 
Applied in an MSP process
Not sector specific
Type of Issue: 
Cross-border cooperation
Land-sea interactions
Type of practice: 
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Analyse spatial aspects
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
Coherence with other processes: 
Integrated Coastal Zone Management

Questions this practice may help answer: 

  • How the land-sea interactions can be integrated into Maritime Spatial Planning?  

Implementation Context: 

The report represents a result of the two-year Pan Baltic Scope project. It explores the issues surrounding the land-sea interactions in practice. 

Aspects / Objectives: 

To share the insights and lessons learned at different stages of MSP, both at the beginning and the end of the planning process. 


The report begins with an overall introduction on the understanding of the land-sea interactions (LSI), followed by an overview of this process in the framework of the Pan Baltic Scope project. The report then continues with case studies of the Gulf of Bothnia and the Riga Bay, as well as the German land-sea interaction story. From those examples and observations, the following conclusions and recommendations are formulated: 

  • Different coastal and marine planning systems have different challenges for integrating LSI in MSP. The most important challenge is the awareness gap in respect to the LSI, and the need to make LSI more tangible by identifying specific LSI issues.  
  • There is a strong need for communication, knowledge and capacity development among local and regional authorities and other stakeholders, so that they can link up with marine planning and start filling in the knowledge gaps.  
  • It is recommended to use a cross-sector and multi-dimensional perspective on LSI (issues/sectors, institutions, processes, knowledge and methods) and to be aware of different institutional levels, geographical ranges and directions of land-sea interactions (land-sea/ bottom-up/past-future), including the cross-border perspectives.  

Main Outputs: 

The report provides the case studies on how planners from the countries of the Baltic Sea region address the land-sea interactions during the MSP process.  


The report focuses on the Baltic Sea, but the methodology on how to integrate land-sea Interactions into MSP can be applied to other regions.

Responsible Entity: 

Pan Baltic Scope project. 

Funding Source: 

 The work was made possible by the European Structural Development Fund co-financing the participating partner countries and organisations.