Lessons Learned in Cross-border Maritime Spatial Planning.


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The report presents the results of the Pan Baltic Scope project, which main objectives were to achieve coherent national Maritime Spatial Planning in the BSR, and to build lasting macro-region mechanisms for cross-border MSP cooperation.

Sea Basin(s): 
Application in MSP: 
Taken into account in an MSP process
Not sector specific
Type of Issue: 
Cross-border cooperation
Type of practice: 
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Develop and implement plan
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
Coherence with other processes: 
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Strategic Environmental Assessment

Questions this practice may help answer: 

  • What factors should be considered in a cross-border Maritime Spatial Planning? 
  • How to implement the Maritime Spatial Planning in a cooperation with other countries? 

Implementation Context: 

 The report represents a summary and analysis of two years of collaboration to achieve the joint learning and knowledge co-creation within the Pan Baltic Scope project. 

Aspects / Objectives: 

The objectives of the report is to share knowledge and lessons learned on cross-border Maritime Spatial Planning within the Pan Baltic Scope project. 


The report provides a summary of project participants expectations, experiences, learning processes, as well as personal reflections on the main challenges for transboundary Maritime Spatial Planning in the Baltic Sea region. 

The main chapters are: 

  • Cross-border Collaboration and Consultation to Support National MSP processes; 
  • Advancing the Implementation of the Ecosystems Based Approach; 
  • Data Sharing; and
  • Integrating Land-Sea Interactions into MSP; 

Main Outputs / Results: 

The main recommendations are:

  • Cooperate across borders;
  • Involve more dimensions and knowledge on MSP;
  • Share knowledge to better understand the MSP processes;
  • Use the ecosystem-based approach; and
  • Monitor and evaluate the work done to ensure continuous improving.


The lessons learned from the cross-border MSP in the Baltic Sea region can be used to improve MSP in other regions. 

Responsible Entity: 

Pan Baltic Scope project.  

Funding Source: 

The report is developed within the framework of the Pan Baltic Scope project funded by the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF).