Green Infrastructure Concept for MSP and its Application Within Pan Baltic Scope Project.


Please note:

The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.



The concept of marine Green Infrastructure (GI) is defined as a spatial network of ecologically valuable areas significant for the maintenance of ecosystems health and resilience, biodiversity conservation, and delivery of ecosystem services essential for human well-being. The marine GI concept has a great potential for enhancing the ecosystem-based approach to maritime spatial planning. The project tested GI mapping at the Baltic Sea scale, covering two essential aspects: identification of areas of high ecological value and potential supply of ecosystem services.


Sea Basin(s): 
September 2019
Application in MSP: 
Taken into account in an MSP process
Nature protection
Type of Issue: 
Coexistence of uses
Ecosystem-based approach
Environment aspects
Type of practice: 
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Analyse spatial aspects
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
Coherence with other processes: 
Habitats and Birds Directive
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Strategic Environmental Assessment

Questions this practice may help answer: 

  • What are the existing approaches to Green Infrastructure mapping?  
  • What is the Pan Baltic Scope approach to Green Infrastructure mapping? 
  • What are the possibilities for mapping of marine Green Infrastructure and its application to MSP? 

Implementation Context: 

The report is developed within the framework of the Pan Baltic Scope project under the activity 1.2.4. Green Infrastructure (GI). 

Aspects / Objectives: 

The objectives of the report are:

  • To outline the concept of Green Infrastructure by utilising previous and ongoing studies and projects;  
  • To test the concept by utilizing the available data (e.g. developing Baltic-wide maps on benthic habitats, including those that are important for fish species); 
  • To collect feedbacks on the draft concept from the HELCOM-VASAB MSP Working Group and HELCOM State and Conservation Working Group. 


The report provides an overview of the GI concept, its existing definitions, policy contexts, and existing approaches to the GI mapping. It also presents a Pan Baltic Scope approach to marine GI mapping with a description of suggested components, assessment criteria and available data sets for GI mapping at the Baltic Sea scale. 

Main Outputs / Results: 

The report provides conclusions regarding the research needs and opportunities in MSP, as well as limitations to be addressed in future studies.  


The GI concept can be applied in maritime spatial planning in other regions. 


Pan Baltic Scope project. 


The report is developed within the framework of the Pan Baltic Scope project funded by the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF).