Green Infrastructure Concept for MSP and its Application Within Pan Baltic Scope Project.

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Abstract: 

The concept of marine Green Infrastructure (GI) is defined as a spatial network of ecologically valuable areas significant for the maintenance of ecosystems health and resilience, biodiversity conservation, and delivery of ecosystem services essential for human well-being. The marine GI concept has a great potential for enhancing the ecosystem-based approach to maritime spatial planning. The project tested GI mapping at the Baltic Sea scale, covering two essential aspects: identification of areas of high ecological value and potential supply of ecosystem services.

 

Sea Basin(s): 
Year: 
September 2019
Application in MSP: 
Taken into account in an MSP process
Sectors: 
Nature protection
Type of Issue: 
Coexistence of uses
Ecosystem-based approach
Environment aspects
Type of practice: 
Guidance
Stage of MSP cycle: 
Analyse spatial aspects
Cross-border / trans-national aspect: 
Yes
Coherence with other processes: 
Habitats and Birds Directive
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Strategic Environmental Assessment

Questions this practice may help answer: 

  • What are the existing approaches to Green Infrastructure mapping?  
  • What is the Pan Baltic Scope approach to Green Infrastructure mapping? 
  • What are the possibilities for mapping of marine Green Infrastructure and its application to MSP? 

 
Implementation Context: 

The report is developed within the framework of the Pan Baltic Scope project under the activity 1.2.4. Green Infrastructure (GI). 

Aspects / Objectives: 

The objectives of the report are:

  • To outline the concept of Green Infrastructure by utilising previous and ongoing studies and projects;  
  • To test the concept by utilizing the available data (e.g. developing Baltic-wide maps on benthic habitats, including those that are important for fish species); 
  • To collect feedbacks on the draft concept from the HELCOM-VASAB MSP Working Group and HELCOM State and Conservation Working Group. 

Method: 

The report provides an overview of the GI concept, its existing definitions, policy contexts, and existing approaches to the GI mapping. It also presents a Pan Baltic Scope approach to marine GI mapping with a description of suggested components, assessment criteria and available data sets for GI mapping at the Baltic Sea scale. 

Main Outputs / Results: 

The report provides conclusions regarding the research needs and opportunities in MSP, as well as limitations to be addressed in future studies.  

Transferability: 

The GI concept can be applied in maritime spatial planning in other regions. 

RESPONSIBLE ENTITY: 

Pan Baltic Scope project. 

FUNDING SOURCE: 

The report is developed within the framework of the Pan Baltic Scope project funded by the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF). 

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