This case study was developed as part of the SUPREME project to support EU Member States in the Eastern Mediterranean with MSP Implementation. The area covered in this case study is about 20.000 km2 and includes the two southernmost peninsulas of the Peloponnese, the islands of Kythira and Antikythira and the North-Western part of Crete Island. The case study area was chosen as a type of "straight" in order to study a maritime area of heavy maritime traffic. A set of planning guidelines for this area were developed based on an overview of relevant social, physical, economic and legislative characteristics.
Questions this practice may help answer:
- How are planning guidelines formulated in pilot study areas?
- How are LSIs articulated in MSP?
The case study, developed as part of SUPREME, overviews and analyses the geological and geographical features, natural and environmental aspects, socio-economic characteristics, coastal and land uses, technical infrastructure, nonliving resources, natural and cultural heritage in the coastal and marine area of Myrtoon Sea/Peloponnese-Crete Passage. It also reviews European and national planning policies and guidelines for the area to formulate planning guidelines for the pilot study area.
Aspects / Objectives:
The case study was designed with the aim to:
- protect and improve the maritime and coastal environment, with emphasis on sensitive ecosystems and on the sustainable management of natural resources
- provide sustainable economic and employment opportunities in the maritime and coastal area
- support and promote sustainable development in the context of the blue economy,
- identify potential risks for the maritime environment and coastal zones due to climate change and the potential impact of rising sea levels
- propose eco-friendly measures to protect coastal settlements and cultural heritage (marine and on land)
- enhance the territorial cohesion and accessibility of remote coastal and island communities,
- promote the cohesion between maritime and land spatial planning
- coordinate cooperative actions by all stakeholders at national, regional and local level, while ensuring cross-border cooperation with other EU Member States and third countries
- integrate management of maritime and coastal zones, taking account of land-sea use interactions and applying an ecosystem-based approach, based on the principles of sustainability.
This case study was divided it into 4 phases:
1.Analysis of the study area
3.Evaluation of existing situation through a SWOT Analysis and LSI
4.Formation of planning guidelines in the pilot study area
The methodological approach applied was based on the methods proposed in the SUPREME output “Report on potential approaches for stakeholder engagement on MSP and the evaluation of the outcome of stakeholder involvement in the pilot areas,” and were accordingly adjusted to suit the case of The Myrtoon Sea/ Peloponnese-Crete Passage pilot area.
Main Outputs / Results:
Following the analysis of the geological and geographical features, natural and environmental aspects, socio-economic characteristics, coastal and land uses, technical infrastructure, nonliving resources, natural and cultural heritage in the area, a conflict and synergies matrix was developed. This matrix in turn informed the development of a series of planning guidelines for the different maritime sectors and actors involved, as geospatially represented in the following map:
The planning guidelines proposed in this case study can be used as a pilot for elaborating MSPs in areas that fall under the jurisdiction of more than one regional administrative authorities and more than one terrestrial regional spatial plans.
NTUA,UTh (with the participation of NKUA)
Costs / Funding Source:
European Maritime and Fisheries Fund of the European Union-through the Grant Agreement EASME/EMFF/2015/126.96.36.199/01/S12.742087 -SUPREME
Prof. Sofia Avgerinou-Kolonia
Prof. Marilena Papageorgiou