Shape pilot project implemented by Emilia Romagna Region focused on the development of a specific technical tool - the technical charts of the sea (TCSs) - that can be used to illustrate spatial distribution of main maritime and coastal uses, evaluate the conflict level among these uses, assess the level of human impact on the environment, and therefore support the optimal planning and management of maritime and coastal uses. The area taken into consideration by the pilot project includes the land-sea interface and partly overlaps with the coastal strip. Moreover, the knowledge base provided by TCSs offers the chance to put in relation the four dimensions of the maritime space (surface, water column, seabed and sub-seabed): analysis of the levels involved by each use was performed, that also supported the elaboration of matrixes of compatibility among uses.
Questions this practice may help answer
How can spatial data be used to underpin the MSP process at the regional scale?
How can data be elaborated in information and tools useful for the planning process?
Does the pilot project provide example of simple tools to analyse vertical level of the sea affected by maritime uses and conflicts/compatibilities among uses?
The pilot project was developed within the project SHAPE “Shaping an Holistic Approach to Protect the Adriatic Environment between coast and sea” (http://www.shape-ipaproject.eu/), co-funded by the IPA Adriatic CBC Programme 2007-2013. SHAPE aimed at developing a multilevel and cross-sector governance system for MSP and ICZM in the Adriatic Sea, based on a holistic approach and integrated management of the natural resources, risk prevention and resolution of conflicts among uses and users of the Adriatic coast and sea. Shape started in May 2011 and was concluded at the beginning of 2014. The project in total involved 13 partners representing all Italian coastal regions and eastern Adriatic countries; PAR/RAC of UNEP/MAP also participated in the project.
Shape developed nine pilot projects approaching MSP issues at the local or regional scale. Some projects directly dealt with the holistic and integrated nature of MSP while other focused on specific issues, as: data gathering and monitoring supporting MSP, bridging the gap between science and decision making, analysis of socio-economic aspects, links between MSP and MSFD or ICZM.
Aspects / Objectives
The Emilia Romagna pilot project focused on the development of a set of tools aiming to evaluate conflicts and compatibilities among maritime and coastal uses and support MSP at the regional level, i.e.:
- Technical Charts of the Sea (TCSs);
- Tables representing the vertical level of the sea affected by each maritime use;
- Matrixes for the analyses of conflicts and compatibilities among uses.
The area taken into consideration by the pilot project includes the land-sea interface and partly overlaps with the coastal strip.
Spatial data used for map elaboration were initially acquired from the “Information System on the Sea and Coast of the Emilia Romagna Region” (SIC) developed by the Geologic Seismic and Soil Service (SGSS). These data were completed with a wide range of integrative sources; newly collected data fed back the SIC information system. An inter-departmental working group was set to support pilot project activities, including in particular data collection.
Literature reviews, analysis of data and judgment of experts involved in the inter-disciplinary working group enabled the elaboration of the other two tools developed by the pilot project: (i) tables representing the vertical level affected by each maritime use; (ii) matrixes for the analyses of conflicts and compatibilities among uses.
Main Outputs / Results
Twelve Technical Chart of the Sea were developed for the following marine and/or coastal issues:
- Ecological, environmental and biological protected areas
- Commercial fishery and mariculture
- Ports and harbours
- Shipping lanes and traffic separation zones
- Offshore infrastructure, pipelines and cables
- Oil and gas exploitation
- Sub-marine sand deposits
- Military zones
- Bathing water quality
- Recreational activities
- Coastal defence structures
- Disposal of dredged materials and wastewater discharge
The same typologies of uses were considered in the elaboration of tables representing the vertical level of the sea affected by each maritime use and matrixes for the analyses of conflicts and compatibilities of each use with others. For each use the first tool identifies the degree of involvement of each vertical level of the sea (surface, water column, seabed and sub-seabed) according to a four categories classification: (i) unique, when an use involves a vertical level preventing any other uses; (ii) partially compatible, when an use involves a vertical level allowing other uses only if specific regulations are applied; (iii) compatible, when an use involves a vertical level allowing other uses without generating conflicts; (iv) not involved. Matrixes show for each use (and related sub-uses) conflicts, partial compatibility or full compatibilities with other uses.
Moreover, the pilot project catalogued and elaborated more relevant environmental data. These data were provided by Daphne oceanographic structure of Emilia Romagna Regional Agency for the Protection of the Environment and by the Marine Research Centre of Cesenatico. Considered data included: chemical-physical characteristic of marine water, nutrients concentration, phytoplankton, zooplankton, zoobenthos, micro-contaminants, marine habitats, pressures and impacts on the marine environment.
Information tools developed by the Shape pilot project aim to support a real MSP process in the Emilia Romagna Region. Compatibility matrixes and tables summarising vertical levels affected by each use can be combined with Technical Charts of the Sea, to derive conflicts/compatibility maps. One of the added-value of the project in terms of data transferability is the mutual interaction with the “Information System on the Sea and Coast of the Emilia Romagna Region”. New data that will be collected in SIC could in future uses to update and integrate the TCSs.
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Costs / Funding Source
Funding Source: the pilot project was developed within the SHAPE project, co-funded by the EU through the IPA Adriatic CBC Programme 2007-2013.
Costs: the pilot project is one of the activities of the SHAPE project. Its specific cost cannot be defined as it is part of the overall funds to this project.