The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO developed a ten-step guide defining the scope and the nature of marine spatial planning. MSP can be a key component to an ecosystem-based management of marine areas and marine resources.
UNESCO-IOC Marine Spatial Planning Programme
Adriplan, Ritmare, Supreme, Erasmus Mundus Master Course on MSP
Marxan software and its advanced version Marxan with Zones, developed by the University of Queensland, were implemented and applied to the Adriatic-Ionian Region (AIR) and to the subarea of the Italian Emilia Romagna Region (RER).