Overview of MSP related maritime uses

  • Priority activities of national interest:

    • Oil and gas
    • Shipping
    • Mineral extraction
    • Offshore renewable energy production
    • Military
    • Nature protection
  • Click here to open the interactive map of the Dutch EEZ to see the currently planned Offshore Wind Energy parks and other sea uses.
  • Other current uses: CO2 storage (considered in the Policy Document as a temporary solution while progress is made to a fully renewable energy supply).
  • National spatial challenges for the North Sea: preservation of the “coastal foundation'' (kustfundament) and implementation of the area-based Coastal and Wadden Region sub-programmes; preservation and protection of Natura 2000 sites and the marine ecosystem; maintaining an unobstructed view of the horizon up to 12nm from the coast; providing space for the pipeline network that transports (hazardous) substances; protection of archeological values.

Which maritime spatial plans exist?

Policy Document on the North Sea, 2016 – 2021

The Policy Document on the North Sea 2016 – 2021 includes a framework vision map and which currently constitutes the Netherlands’ Maritime Spatial Plan.

  • The Policy Document contains the following sectors:            

    • Shipping
    • Mineral extraction
    • Oil and gas exploitation
    • Offshore renewable energy production
    • Fishing
    • Aquaculture
    • Tourism (incl. recreation and sports)
    • Under water cultural heritage
    • Nature protection 
    • Military
    • Submarine cables and pipelines

MSP legislation

The National Water Plan provides a policy framework for MSP based on the Water Act, and includes the Policy Document for the North Sea 2016-2021 as an appendix. The Policy Document includes the Netherlands’ Maritime Spatial Plan, and reflects the Dutch Government’s policy choices for the North Sea. Every 6 years the plan is revised. The first policy plan was published in 2009.

National MSP authority

Interdepartmental Directors’ Consultative Body North Sea led by the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment


The Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
Lodewijk Abspoel
Plesmanweg 1-6 Den Haag
Phone: +31623430869

Leo De Vrees
Lange Kleijweg 34 Rijswijk
Phone: +31627038234

Directorate Nature and Biodiversity of the Ministry of Economic Affairs
Jeroen Vis
Anne-Marie Svoboda


The “coastal foundation” (kustfundament) refers to the area along the length of the coast comprising the sea bed immediately in front of the coast to the -20m  depth contour, the beach, the dunes and all sea defences on these. (Structuurvisie Infrastructuur en Ruimte Nederland concurrerend, bereikbaar, leefbaar en veilig. Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Milieu 2012




Last Update 24.09.2018