Which maritime spatial plans exist?
Maritime spatial plans exist for the German North Sea and Baltic Sea EEZs (2) and for the territorial sea areas under jurisdiction of the three coastal federal states (Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) (3).
The process of revising the current MSP is ongoing. The national and international consultations for the first draft of the MSP for the German exclusive economic zone are complete. Changes were made based on the feedback received and the plan is now under the inter-ministerial consultation process. The second round of consultations should start from May and the plan should be adopted by September 2021.
The State Development Plan for Schleswig-Holstein regulates conclusively the spatial objectives and principles for terrestrial as well as marine areas. The guiding principle is sustainable spatial development, which brings the social and economic demands regarding space in line with its ecological functions and leads to a permanent, large-scale balanced order. The different uses in the coastal zone should be balanced and adjusted to each other. Integrated coastal zone management should play an important role in this. The plan came into effect in 2010 and was last amended on 5 May 2019.
The plan takes coastal and flood defence into account.
The Spatial Development Programme Mecklenburg-Vorpommern aims to implement the principles of sustainable spatial development which may bring social and economic requirements to be met by the territory into harmony with its ecological functions, and which leads to a long-term, large-scale and balanced spatial development. The plan was extended to the 12-nm zone between 2003-2005 and adopted in 2005. Between 2013-2015 it was revised and adopted. Accordingly, it became a legally binding act in 2016.
According to the LPIG M-V, an evaluation of the planning should be carried out after 5 years. A monitoring system is under preparation.
Maritime Spatial Plan for the Territorial Sea of the Baltic Sea – Lower Saxony
The Spatial Planning Programme of Lower Saxony includes provisions concerning wind power production and nature conservation, offshore electricity transmission, and shipping. Objectives that apply to both the territorial sea and coastal zones include sustainable development, consideration of stakeholder perspectives from multiple groups and geographies, and reversible measures. The programme of Lower Saxony was revised and amended in 2008 and 2012. There are currently three drafts in existence due to an amendment process for the years 2014, 2015 and 2016. The plan takes water management as well as coastal and flood defence into account.
The national legal basis for MSP is the general Spatial Planning Act („Raumordnungsgesetz“/ROG), which was made applicable to the EEZ in 2004. The Spatial Planning Act provides the legal basis for the “Maritime Spatial Plan for the EEZ of the Baltic Sea” and the “Maritime Spatial Plan for the EEZ of the North Sea”. The EEZ is governed at the federal level, the territorial sea is an integrated part of the (terrestrial) spatial plans of the coastal federal states. In addition to ROG, the legal basis for these plans is provided by the respective spatial planning law of each federal state.
National MSP authority
- German Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community
- Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH)
Mr Kai Trümpler
Head of Unit Maritime Spatial Planning
Internal Waters and the Territorial Sea:
State Chancellery of the State Schleswig-Holstein
Mr Frank Liebrenz
Ministry of Energy, Infrastructure and State Development Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Ms Petra Schmidt-Kaden
Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection
The amendment of the ROG in 2004 extended the scope of spatial planning according to the guidelines of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea to include EEZ and allocated planning powers to the Federal Government for the EEZ in the North and Baltic Seas (beyond the 12-nautical mile zone (territorial waters) outward to up to 200 nautical miles). This was the first time the Federal Government was assigned a concrete task in overall spatial planning.
Last Update 21.05.2021