France

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France

Disclaimer: The illustrative map shown on this page should not be interpreted as a legal representation of jurisdictional boundaries.

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

  • Current main uses:

    • Tourism
    • Fisheries
    • Shipping
    • Aquaculture
    • Ports
    • Offshore renewable energy production

Which maritime spatial plans exist?

France notified the European Commission of the adoption of the four sea-basin strategies in February 2020. These documents all contain the two first parts: initial assessment, strategic objectives and MSP.

MSP legislation

On 8 August 2016, the MSP Directive was transposed into the French legislation through the entry into force of Art. 123 of Law n° 2016-1087 for the “reconquest of biodiversity, nature and landscapes”. The article modifies the French Environmental Code through the introduction of the notion of maritime spatial planning defined as “the process by which the State defines and organises human activities at sea with an ecological, economic and social perspective. It does not apply to activities related to defence or national security” (article L219-5-1).

Furthermore, the Law amended the Environmental Code, in particular the chapter dedicated to policies for the sea ecosystem, which was set in 2009 after the “Grenelle de la Mer”, with an integrated approach for  strategy development for the sea and the seashore.

The Law defines the documents stratégiques de façade (DSF) (‘Sea basin strategic documents’) as the main tools through which MSP is implemented. Strategic documents for legal bases were initially defined by Decree n°2012-219 and introduced in the Environment Code (articles R219-1-7 and following articles).

The modalities for implementing Art. 123 are further elaborated through the Decree n°2017-724 adopted on 3rd May 2017. The text defines the scope, objectives and content of the document stratégique de façade as main tools through which each French marine region integrates and combines the implementation of several EU legislative texts and policies.

National MSP authority

Ministère de la transition écologique et solidaire

Contact

Ministère de la transition écologique et solidaire

Direction générale des infrastructures, des transports et de la mer

Direction des affaires maritimes - Délégation à la mer et au littoral (DML)

Délégué à la mer et au littoral

dml@developpement-durable.gouv.fr

Tour Séquoia - 92 055 La Défense Cedex

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Last Update 10.03.2020