Estonia

Estonia

Which maritime spatial plans exist?

In October 2012 the Government of Estonia initiated two pilot maritime spatial plans – at the area around Hiiu Island and Pärnu Bay area. The Hiiu pilot was adopted in 2016. The Pärnu Bay pilot was adopted in April 2017. However, in the Hiiu MSP offshore wind energy has been abolished by the National Court of Estonia on August 8th 2018, all other sector-related aspects are still legally binding.

Hiiu Island

The main objective of the plan is to define the long-term uses of the assigned marine area through a public process. The plan contains the following sectors:

  • Shipping
  • Ports
  • Fishing
  • Aquaculture
  • Tourism (incl. recreation and sports)
  • Under water cultural heritage
  • Nature protection 
  • Military
  • Submarine cables and pipelines

Pärnu Bay area

A balanced use scenario was chosen featuring a sustainable use of the Pärnu Bay area through sustainable fishing, protection of culturally and naturally important areas, safe shipping routes and diverse recreation possibilities. The plan contains the following sectors:

  • Shipping
  • Offshore renewable energy production
  • Fishing
  • Tourism (incl. recreation and sports)
  • Underwater cultural heritage
  • Nature protection 
  • Submarine cables and pipelines

MSP legislation & Progress

Planning on land and on the EEZ (in addition to internal waters and Territorial Sea) is based on the Estonian Planning Act (2015) and order of the Government from 2012. The first two pilot maritime spatial plans are based on this order. In April 2018 the initial outline of the Estonian MSP and the memorandum of interest to conduct impact assessment was sent for consultation to ministries, agencies, local governments and environmental NGOs. 

Between April and May 2018, the national authority asked for proposals for an outline and impact assessment, including the intention to develop the SEA. This included neighbouring countries, although it was not based on an official Espoo consultation. Public discussions took place between May and June 2018. 

The first MSP draft was published in May 2019 and public and transboundary consultations were held in summer 2019. The third and final of the transboundary consultations will take place in Spring 2020 when all parties will have access to the materials and will be able to submit their comments.

Estonia is currently working with the main solution and separate impact assessment report (including SEA report). The country will have an overarching impact assessment including assessments about environmental, economic, social, cultural and health impacts.

The plan is expected to be adopted in the end of 2020.

 

National MSP authority

Estonian Ministry of the Finance

Triin Lepland

e-mail: triin.lepland@fin.ee

phone +372 452 0521

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Last Update 21.04.2020